Configuring Syslog:

Step 1: Access global Mode


configuration terminal

Step 2: Define Syslog Server

Specify the IP address of the syslog server where log messages will be sent. Replace <syslog-server-ip> with the actual IP address of the syslog server:

logging host <syslog-server-ip>

Step 3: Set Logging Severity Levels

Configure the severity level for logging messages. The severity levels range from 0 (Emergency) to 7 (Debugging). Choose the appropriate level for your needs. For example, to set the severity level to Error (3), use the following command:

logging trap 3

Step 4: Configure Logging Buffer Size (Optional)

By default, Cisco devices store log messages in a logging buffer. You can configure the size of the buffer. For example, to set the buffer size to 8192 bytes, use the following command:

logging buffered 8192

Step 5: Enable Logging Activate logging by entering the following command:

logging on

Step 6: Exit Configuration Mode and Save Configuration

Exit configuration mode and save the configuration changes by typing:

write memory

Troubleshooting Syslog:

1.Verify Syslog Configuration:

To ensure that the syslog configuration is correct, use the following command:

show logging

This command displays the configured syslog server IP address, severity level, and buffer size.

2.Check Syslog Server Reachability:

Ensure that the syslog server is reachable from the Cisco device by pinging the server’s IP address:

ping <syslog-server-ip>

If the server is not reachable, verify the network connectivity and correct any issues.

3.Verify Syslog Messages:

To view the syslog messages being generated by the Cisco device, use the following command:

show logging

4.Enable Debugging for Syslog:

If you are not receiving the expected syslog messages, you can enable debugging to troubleshoot the issue. Enter the following command:

debug logging

This command enables additional logging for troubleshooting purposes. Remember to disable debugging once the issue is resolved.

5.Check Syslog Server Configuration:

Verify the syslog server’s configuration to ensure it is correctly set up to receive and store syslog messages from the Cisco device. Consult the syslog server documentation for specific configuration details.

6.Verify Network Connectivity:

If the syslog server is on a different network, verify the network connectivity between the Cisco device and the syslog server. Check for any firewall rules or routing issues that may be blocking syslog traffic.

7.Monitor Syslog Traffic:

Use network monitoring tools or specialized syslog monitoring software to capture and analyze syslog traffic. This can help identify any issues with syslog message delivery or identify specific log messages that are not being received.

By following these configuration steps and using the provided troubleshooting commands, you can successfully configure and troubleshoot syslog in Cisco switches and routers. Syslog provides valuable information for monitoring and managing network devices and troubleshooting potential issues.