Implementing hardening measures in Cisco switches and routers helps to enhance network security. Here is a list of steps with commands to implement basic hardening configurations:

1.Disable Unused Services:

  • Disable unnecessary services such as HTTP, Telnet, FTP, or SNMP:

switch(config)# no ip http server
switch(config)# no ip http secure-server
switch(config)# no ip telnet server
switch(config)# no ip ftp server
switch(config)# no snmp-server


2.Enable Secure Management Access:

  • Enable SSH for secure remote management.

switch(config)# ip domain-name <domain-name>
switch(config)# crypto key generate rsa modulus 2048
switch(config)# line vty 0 15
switch(config-line)# transport input ssh


  1. Implement Strong Passwords:
  • Set strong passwords for privileged and console access:

switch(config)# enable secret <password>

switch(config)# line console 0

switch(config-line)# password <password>

switch(config-line)# login


  1. Secure SNMP:
  • Configure SNMPv3 with strong authentication and encryption:

switch(config)# snmp-server group <group-name> v3 priv

switch(config)# snmp-server user <username> <group-name> v3 auth sha <auth-password> priv aes 128 <priv-password>


  1. Enable Access Control:
  • Implement access control lists (ACLs) to restrict traffic:

switch(config)# access-list 10 permit <source-ip> <destination-ip>

switch(config)# interface <interface>

switch(config-if)# ip access-group 10 in


  1. Disable CDP (Cisco Discovery Protocol):
  • Disable CDP on all interfaces:

switch(config)# no cdp run

  1. Enable Port Security:
  • Enable port security to limit the number of MAC addresses on a port:

switch(config)# interface <interface>

switch(config-if)# switchport port-security


  1. Enable DHCP Snooping:
  • Protect against rogue DHCP servers:

switch(config)# ip dhcp snooping

switch(config)# interface <interface>

switch(config-if)# ip dhcp snooping trust


9.Enable STP Protection:

  • Protect against STP manipulation and rogue switches:

switch(config)# spanning-tree portfast bpduguard default


  1. Implement VLAN Segmentation:
  • Separate different network segments using VLANs:

switch(config)# vlan <vlan-id>

switch(config-vlan)# name <vlan-name>

switch(config)# interface <interface>

switch(config-if)# switchport mode access

switch(config-if)# switchport access vlan <vlan-id>


 11. Enable Logging and Monitoring:

  • Configure logging to capture events and potential security threats:

switch(config)# logging host <syslog-server-ip>

switch(config)# logging trap <severity-level>

switch(config)# logging buffer <buffer-size>


  1. Regularly Update Firmware:
  • Stay up-to-date with the latest firmware versions to benefit from security patches and bug fixes.

Remember to customize the commands according to your network requirements and device configurations. It’s also important to regularly review and update your security measures to stay protected against emerging threats.