On Cisco switches, when there is an OSPF Virtual Link Misconfiguration and incorrect virtual link settings are in place, you may receive the following type of log message:

%OSPF-5-ADJCHG: Process <Process_ID>, Nbr <Neighbor_IP> on <Interface> from FULL to DOWN, OSPF Virtual Link Misconfiguration

Explanation of the log message:

  • %OSPF-5-ADJCHG: This log message indicates an OSPF adjacency change.
  • Process <Process_ID>: The log message includes the OSPF process ID for the specific OSPF instance running on the Cisco switch.
  • Nbr <Neighbor_IP>: This part shows the IP address of the OSPF neighbor with whom the adjacency has changed.
  • on <Interface>: The log message specifies the name of the interface where the OSPF adjacency change occurred.
  • from FULL to DOWN: This section indicates that the OSPF adjacency transitioned from the FULL state (active adjacency) to the DOWN state (inactive adjacency).
  • OSPF Virtual Link Misconfiguration: The last part of the log message highlights that the issue is related to misconfigured virtual link settings, causing the adjacency problem.

The log message serves as a notification to network administrators that an OSPF Virtual Link Misconfiguration may be preventing OSPF routers in different areas from forming adjacencies. Virtual links are used to connect non-backbone areas, and misconfiguration can disrupt OSPF routing operations and impact network connectivity. Network administrators should address the OSPF Virtual Link Misconfiguration to ensure proper virtual link settings and stable OSPF routing within the network.


when virtual link settings are misconfigured, it can lead to an OSPF Virtual Link Misconfiguration, preventing routers in different areas from forming adjacencies. This can result in communication issues and disrupt OSPF routing operations. In this article, we will explore the challenges of OSPF Virtual Link Misconfiguration and provide a step-by-step solution using correct commands to establish adjacencies on Cisco devices.

Understanding OSPF Virtual Link Misconfiguration: Virtual links are used to connect non-backbone areas in OSPF. When virtual link settings are incorrectly configured, routers in different areas may not be able to establish adjacencies, hindering the flow of routing information and connectivity between the areas.

Solution for Resolving OSPF Virtual Link Misconfiguration:

Step 1: Verify OSPF Virtual Link Configuration: Check the virtual link configuration on each router within the OSPF domain to identify any discrepancies. Use the following command on each router:

show ip ospf virtual-links

Step 2: Identify Misconfigured Virtual Links: Identify the routers with misconfigured virtual link settings from the output of the previous command. Make a note of the conflicting virtual link settings and the corresponding router interfaces.

Step 3: Correct Virtual Link Settings: Adjust the virtual link settings on each router to ensure proper connectivity between the non-backbone areas. Use the following command on each router:

interface <Interface>
ip ospf cost <Cost_Value>
ip ospf priority <Priority_Value>

Replace <Interface> with the name of the interface connecting the non-backbone areas, <Cost_Value> with the desired cost for the virtual link, and <Priority_Value> with the desired priority for the virtual link.

Step 4: Clear OSPF Process: Clear the OSPF process on each router to apply the changes and allow adjacencies to form with the corrected virtual link settings:

clear ip ospf process

onclusion: Resolving OSPF Virtual Link Misconfiguration is essential to enable adjacencies and ensure seamless OSPF routing in the network. By following the step-by-step solution provided in this article and using the correct commands on Cisco devices, network administrators can quickly identify and rectify virtual link configuration issues. Establishing proper virtual link settings allows OSPF routers in different areas to form adjacencies, facilitating efficient data exchange and stable routing decisions. Regular monitoring and proactive management of virtual link configurations will contribute to a robust and well-connected OSPF network infrastructure, ensuring optimal network performance.

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